The Republic of Indonesia

On 17 August 1945 Sukarno declared the independence of Indonesia from Jakarta, with himself as its first President and Hatta as Vice-President. Under the constitution Indonesia would be a Republic with a Cabinet that was responsible to the President. Until general elections could be held, the KNIP (Komite Nasional Indonesia Poesat - Central Indonesian National Committee) would represent the people of Indonesia. The committee members were appointed by Sukarno, and Sutan Shahrir was appointed the Republic's first Prime Minister. Due to the tense political situation then existing in Batavia/Jakarta, the Republican Government moved its seat to Yokyakarta. The young Republic had to deal with a militant wing that was not willing to accept concessions to any terms other than complete recognition of independence. It also had no control over the numerous Indonesian irregular forces that refused to join the regular Army. During the first few months following the declaration of independence, large parts of Java were plunged into complete anarchy. In late November 1945 the British high command asked the Indonesian Government for assistance in repatriating the Japanese forces and in providing security for food transports to Bandung and Buitenzorg. This offered the Republic an opportunity to create international goodwill by showing that it could execute large-scale humanitarian operations. In order to carry out relief operations, the Republic set up POPDA (Panitia Oeroesan Pengangkoetan Djepang dan APWI - Organisation for the Evacuation of the Japanese and APWI).

Literature

M.C. van Delden, De republikeinse kampen in Nederlands-Indië oktober 1945-mei 1947. Orde in de chaos? (Kockengen, 2007).
Lambert Giebels, Soekarno. Nederlandsch onderdaan. Biografie 1901-1950 (Amsterdam, 1999).
Bob Hering, Soekarno. Architect of a nation (Amsterdam, 2001).


Information a.o. in:

Access Number 2.22.21
- inv.no. 259, 260, 261, 280, 292, 294, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301 and 302 (National Archives of Australia, Canberra)
- inv.no 381 to 386 (Serie: Negotiations between the Dutch and the Republic of Indonesia, 1947 and 1948) National Archives of Australia, Canberra
- inv.no. 394
- inv.no. 990 to 1014 (Serie Arsip Nasional Yogya Dokumen) Research Collection F. Gouda


See also:

- Negotiations between the Netherlands and Indonesia
- Diplomatic and Military Relations with Australia
- Diplomatic and Military Relations with the United States

- Dutch Military Actions